Articles from October 2010

Crazy For God Review

Crazy For God: How I Grew Up as One of the Elect, Helped Found the Religious Right, and Lived to Take All (or Almost All) of It Back by Frank Schaeffer, Da Capo Press, ISBN 0786718919, available anywhere:

More information about this book is on Frank Schaeffer’s website.

He, like me, grew up in the evangelical sub-culture, only to later leave for the Orthodox faith.  He says that he and his father helped form the Religious Right.

Schaeffer’s parents ran L’Abri in Switzerland.  Founded as a mission, it became a kind of hostel for spiritual seekers, from everyday students to rock stars.

The Schaeffers were Calvinists; in the early days they had restrictive rules, in the days of the hippies these rules were relaxed, but in the 70s and 80s, they became strict again.

Frank Schaeffer still is pro-life despite turning politically liberal, and you can see that in his indictments of how extreme the pro-choice crowd got in the 70s and 80s.

He notes that if the Democrats had taken the pro-life believers as seriously as did the Republican Party, the Democratic Party would have become the party of choice for Christians.  Instead, secular media and the Democrats just ignored religious media and the pro-lifers for the most part in those days.

The pro-choice crowd was so offended in those days by the pro-life crowd that they went to ridiculous extremes which essentially made the pro-life argument for them: Who could see these people as reasonable or compassionate?

But while fighting for the pro-life cause which impassioned him, he also noted that American Christianity had turned ridiculous.

He made documentaries with his father, Francis Schaeffer, which are still being used in churches today, such as “How Should We Then Live?”  (I saw an episode of this on Youtube, and it does appear to be well-done.)

He went on speaking tours, wrote books, went on The 700 Club.  But even in the middle of it, he and his father kept thinking, “These people are idiots.”

His father had a classical education and knew a great deal about classical music and art.  Frank was raised in Switzerland; while his education was spotty and he had dyslexia, he went to British boarding schools, and learned about art and music from his dad.

He spent all his young life in Europe, not in the American evangelical sub-culture.  His first exposure to American Christianity was on these speaking tours as a young adult, yet he kept stirring people up with speeches and books about how the liberals were ruining America–an America which he didn’t really know and couldn’t speak about from any position of authority.

You may know how silly American evangelicalism can get.  He had to deal with youth pastors trying to influence their youth groups into abstinence with silly songs and Sesame Street puppets; “Jesus is my boyfriend” songs by sub-par singers; poor editing standards which got him used to whipping up a first draft of a book, sending it off to the publishers, and letting them clean it up.

He knew what art really was, but he didn’t take the time to actually craft his work, whether film or scripts or books, because the evangelical publishers let him be lazy and he got used to it.

He also got to know evangelical powerhorses like Pat Robertson, Jerry Falwell and James Dobson; none of them impressed him.  He and his father saw Pat Robertson as a crazy guy who heard voices, Falwell as hate-filled, Dobson as power-hungry.

Even if you don’t always agree with him, this book is awesome.  This guy knows what it’s like to be raised under repressive rules, has seen the fakeness which has driven so many of us away from American evangelicalism, and has ended up in the Greek Orthodox church.

He freely admits to being a jerk to his wife and child in his youth and even occasionally today; he chews himself out for it and tries to do better.

He says that his wife never, ever starts an argument, and that he’s glad his kids say, “Mom is always right” because she is.  That’s not because she’s stubborn (she’s not) or has to have her way (she doesn’t) or anything, but because she simply is right.

After all these years, he still sees her as some sort of angel fallen to earth.  They married in their teens because she got pregnant.  They could very easily have divorced a few years later, and people did wonder why the heck Genie put up with Frank, but they had a family support system around them that kept them together and counseled them.

This book is a memoir, starting from his childhood in L’Abri and going all the way through his life, highlighting his spiritual crises.  It is a revealing look behind the scenes of American evangelicalism.  I highly recommend it.

[Fall 2008]


This Present Darkness Review

While I work on reading the next Left Behind book, here is a review from my website, which I wrote late in 2005 (before I became Orthodox and was checking out Lutheran theology):

This Present Darkness by Frank E. Peretti, Crossway Books, ISBN 0-89107-390-6, available in bookstores and on

Summary here.

I once loved this book, back when I first read it in high school.  If you’re just looking for a good read, the writing itself is full of vivid descriptions, imagination and the occasional humor, with decent editing.  I can see why I got so engrossed in this book back in high school.

If you’re looking for a theologically sound book, however, look elsewhere.  This book suffers greatly from numerous theological errors and hysterias which abounded in evangelicalism in the late 80s (it was written in 1986).  When I read it again in late 2005, I wondered if Pat Robertson had been a consultant.

For example, it is full of dubious teachings on demons, exorcisms, New Age beliefs and agendas, the mythical New World Order, and the methods God uses to speak to us.

(A woman gets a “message from God” that only she can hear, while she’s praying on page 370, and isn’t even sure what name God is telling her.  If God did use an audible voice to speak to someone, wouldn’t he enunciate?  Also see my write-up on charismatic sign gifts, here.)

The first time I read it, I thought it was a wonderful insight into spiritual warfare.  I began to interpret everything as demonic or angelic activity, even when the human heart was perfectly capable of driving itself to good or evil.  So you see there are dangers to reading the book with an impressionable mind.

For example, there is the idea that you can somehow hurt a demon by saying, “I rebuke you.”  You’re just, well, rebuking it, chiding it.  What’s that going to do, make it feel bad?  According to Christ, demons are cast out only by those who have properly prepared themselves through prayer and fasting.

Also, the demons are depicted in disorder, sometimes even working against each other out of spite.  Christ specifically said that Satan and his minions do not work that way because “a house divided against itself cannot stand.”

On page 70, Hank says, “That’s what the gospel is all about, fighting Satan, shining the light of the gospel into the darkness.”  (He said this after encountering a demon.)  Actually, the gospel is about Christ and him crucified!

Also, the human characters in the book seem like puppets, led this way and that by angels and demons who move them around, suggest things to them, even speak through their mouths.

Another dubious belief shown here is that every human vice has its own demon, rather than coming from the human heart.  An exorcism on page 152 reminded me of Pat Robertson describing exorcisms he had done, in which he named demons, such as “the demon of smoking.”

About mid-way through the book, we discover that a kid got possessed by a demon just by going to a fortune teller!  This kid also says that the new thing among teens is not the usual vices, but demons!  Huh?

There is also a lot of danger in how exorcisms are presented in this book.  First of all, a reader can get the impression that demons cause every vice, and that everyone who sins or has a different faith is full of demons to be ousted.

Unnecessary exorcisms can be just as harmful to the supposed “possessed” as a botched exorcism can be to the exorcist.  Occasionally, a story will hit the news about a child who was killed during an “exorcism”–a child who could have been helped more effectively by a doctor.

Second of all, we see Mary just walking into the room during an exorcism.  These people are surprisingly casual.  If there really is a demon to cast out (which could sometimes be the case), only people who are properly prepared through prayer and fasting, and who know what they’re doing, should be there.   I’ve heard that even an unconfessed sin can open you up to attack from the demons you are fighting.

The Lutheran Church cautions against such cavalier attitudes toward demonic influence and exorcism, saying that we can’t be sure what is demonic, and what is a person’s own moral failing.  We can cause great harm by making “hasty judgments.”  Ultimately, we are accountable for our sins, not demons bearing names such as “lust” or “despair” or “hate.”

[Unfortunately, the resource I once linked to, on the LCMS website, no longer exists.  But I found another website which quotes it here.  The text is below:]

Demonic Influence
Q. What does the LCMS church teach about demonic influence over a believer? I’ve heard that demons can “gain a foothold” in a believer’s life, perhaps through some conscious, unrepented of sin, and thus have a strong influence over emotions, choices, etc., but they can’t really “possess” the believer like they can a non-believer. What’s the Biblical teaching on this, and how should we go about dealing with it?

A. First of all, it is important to note that your question properly distinguishes between demonic influence on a believer, and demonic possession of human beings.

The New Testament often speaks of the influence of demonic powers on people, including Christians. St. Paul exhorts Christians with God’s help to stand their ground against very real superhuman “powers of this dark world and against the spiritual forces of evil in the heavenly realms” (Eph. 6:12).

Paul’s exhortation is meant for Christians of all times and places and assumes the ongoing and present reality of demonic powers and entities (“demons”).

He encourages them to use the weapons, both defensive and offensive, provided by God to combat such influences: truth, righteousness, the “Gospel of peace,” faith, salvation, the Word of God, and prayer (Eph. 6:14-18).

The New Testament also recounts many instances of demonic possession, mainly in the synoptic Gospel accounts of Jesus’ ministry. Jesus encounters persons “possessed” by demons who have take them captive and who cause physical and mental affliction (Matt. 4:24; 8:28-33; 9:32; 12:22, etc.).

By the power of His Word Jesus exercises total power over these demons and drives them out (Matt. 4:24; 8:16; Mark 7:30)–which is itself a sign that the Kingdom of God has come (Matt. 12:22) in Him.

These “exorcisms” are a sign that through Jesus God “has rescued us from the dominion of darkness and brought us into the kingdom of the Son he loves” (Col. 1:13).

When it comes to determining today whether people are demon possessed as they were in biblical times, and who they might be, great caution is in order. The Scriptures are relatively silent about this and offer few details for making such judgments.

In fact great harm may come to individuals when hasty judgments are made. Absolute certainty in such matters is simply not possible today.

An additional caution is also in order on this topic. Some today seem in danger of excusing their moral failings by arguing “the demons made me do it,” claiming they are victims of demons who bear the name of human vices and from whom they need to be “delivered.”

Surely it is true that the devil and his angels tempt us to sin. But finally we are accountable to God for our sins (Rom. 3:19), from which Jesus Christ freely and triumphantly delivers us as we place our trust in Him.

Another view of exorcism–which says it should only be done for catechumens at baptism–is here.

Professor Langstrat, Alexander Kaseph, and various other “New Age” characters seem more like caricatures of evangelical fears about New Agers in the 80s.  Aren’t New Agers into love and harmony and connection with the divine, not taking over towns and nations in Satanic plots?

Not only that, these people are shown as making human sacrifices and blood rituals.  Since when do New Agers commit murder for their religion–except maybe in Chick Tracts?

Apparently, being an important person in the town and a New Ager is akin to being in the KKK, as we see on pages 94-95, when news reporters discover that various high-ups are into New Age.  Heck, these New Agers are even into terrorism.  Why does New Age=world domination and Hitleresque activities?

Not only that, but the New World Order propaganda pops up on page 257:

As a decisive and powerful tool of the Universal Consciousness Society, Omni Corporation is about to establish still another foothold for the coming New World Order and the rule of the New Age Christ.

(When is that supposed to happen, exactly?  Wasn’t Bush Sr. supposed to bring it about in his second term?)

You know, there is a political party (Natural Law) based on New Age principles.  Yet you don’t hear anything about the party establishing footholds of any kind.  It’s just way too small.  Most people vote Republican or Democrat, not Natural Law.

The treatment of prayer in this book is disturbing.  You have to pray constantly, not even stopping to sleep or go to the bathroom, or else the angels will fail.  I thought prayer was about what you say, not how long you spend saying it, not endless chanting or droning on and on like an overlong novel?

As for more domestic issues, why do we never see Hank doing housework?  Every time we see Hank and Mary Busche together, Hank is doing his pastor thing and Mary is doing housework.

Also, that dinky church can’t possibly support the Busches (even if they guilt everyone into tithing ten percent or else) or provide constant work for Hank.  Mary has no children to care for, and pregnancy is never mentioned throughout the book.

So why doesn’t she have a job?  Why doesn’t Hank take on a part-time job?

Even on page 155, we see another wife, Mrs. Strachan, serving food while her husband chats, like a dutiful servant–er, wife.  Strachan complained that the regents of the college, New Agers in the “Inner Circle,” “were becoming like peas in a pod, like clones of each other.  They all acted the same, talked the same. . .”

Funny, this reminds me of the Steve Taylor song “I Want to be a Clone“–a satire on “churchianity,” Christians talking alike and acting alike and trying to make converts act just like them to be truly “saved.”

On page 149, we see a description of a video arcade, complete with heavy metal music, drugs, sex and demons.  My husband used to go to video arcades in his youth.  They were just hangouts full of geeks playing video games, not “hellholes.”

As for plot points, why would anybody put a death threat on Hank Busche’s door just for making someone leave a church?  What exactly happened in the Lou incident?  All we get about Lou and church issues are vague summaries.  It’s hard to sympathize with Hank’s fight to get Lou cast out of the church.

All in all, the book is entertaining, but deserves to be called propaganda, not serious fiction.

More reviews of Peretti’s works are here.  While I do not agree with everything in the reviewers’ theology (they seem to be dispensationalist), I agree with much of it as presented here, and we agree that the Charismatic churches are in error.  (One reviewer says Peretti is an ordained minister in the Assemblies of God.)

Though I don’t agree with every single thing in it, such as the part about Christian rock being sacrilegious, and the accusations that God’s grace and Christians are only in the Orthodox Church, this article by Orthodox Father Seraphim Rose makes an impressive argument that Charismatic teachings on spiritual gifts actually come from the mediumistic practices of other religions and spiritists.

Do keep in mind that this is Fr. Rose’s opinion, not necessarily the official teaching of Orthodoxy.  However, the Orthodox beliefs regarding sign gifts are quite different from the Charismatic version, and the Charismatic movement is seen as a revival of the ancient Montanist heresy (see Theology page 1).

[Late 2005]

Left Behind: Assassins Review–Part 5

Previous parts

On pages 354 and 355, not only is the idea of the Global Community’s “individual freedom for all” treated like a bad thing (somehow tied in with “One World One Truth”), but it is assumed to mean perversion.

For example, the GC sponsors a dance troupe doing a “lascivious routine.”  And on page 356, Jerusalem is filled with “bars, strip clubs, massage parlors, brothels, pagan sanctuaries, and fortune-telling establishments” that are not seedy or pushed aside to a certain part of town, but in the middle of everything and with no black doors or “labyrinthine entrances.”

Rather, while the rest of the Holy City seemed to crumble for neglect and lack of manpower, here were gleaming storefronts, well lit and obvious to every eye, proudly exhibiting every perversion and fleshly evil known to man.

Which is quite a sad commentary on the morals of the various religions which inhabit Jerusalem, since it was made clear previously that Jews and Muslims were not included in the Rapture.

I also wonder–having never been there–if Jerusalem has these things now, or if it’s assumed that even Israel will have these things and sink into desperate perversion despite being singled out by God during the Tribulation.

On page 368, in Eli’s sermon, we see once again that the Left Behind books are proclaiming all those of other religions to be condemned, based merely on religion, not actual sin, that one of the biggest sins is not being a Christian.

I am not arguing with them that Jesus is the Way, the Truth and the Life, but that Eli and Moishe are saying that only Christians will be saved.  This way of thinking is not only un-Orthodox–since no man can claim to know how God will judge each person, whether Christian or not–but apparently based on total depravity, a Calvinist concept which is foreign to Orthodoxy.

Only God knows what is in the heart, and only God can say who will be saved.  But these books draw a line of us vs. them, with only the right-believing Christians on the side of “us” and “them” being everyone else who is condemned in the plagues.

When Moishe takes over on page 369, he says,

The Lord is coming with thousands upon thousands of his holy ones to judge everyone, and to convict all the ungodly of all the ungodly acts they have done in the ungodly way, and of all the harsh words ungodly sinners have spoken against him.

Gah!  My inner editor is cringing right now!  Do we really need so many “ungodlys”?

On page 370, we find Rayford stalking the Antichrist at a huge GC gala with a “light ankle-length robe” and “the Saber” carried “deep in an inside pocket.”  I have sudden visions of a Jedi stalking a Sith.  But the Saber is actually that terrible gun he’s bought.

He felt a tingle from the back of his head to his tailbone, knowing he was carrying a high-powered weapon with kill power from hundreds of feet away.

After having been so eager to do this thing, he now pleaded with God to spare him the task.  Would he be willing to follow through and kill Carpathia if God made that clear?

No, Rayford, no!

On page 371, Mac hatches a plan to fly, by himself, the Antichrist, either into a mountain or “cut the power and let gravity take over.”  No, Mac, no!  You remind me of a suicide bomber!

On page 373, Leonardo Fortunato goes on the stage at the gala to make a speech, as the MC.  We read that, of his speech,

Every phrase elicited enthusiasm, making Buck wonder what planet the crowd was from.  Did no one hold the leadership responsible for all the death and grief?  The population had been cut in half in three and a half years, and these people celebrated?

I wonder how he expects them to hold the leadership responsible for the plagues, most of which have been natural disasters–or, shall we say, acts of God.  And does he really think the people believe Carpathia caused the demon locusts or the invisible horses?

On page 374, the Deputy Pontiff of Enigma Babylon One World Faith refers to the “one-gender deity in whom we all rest and who also rests in all of us.”

I wonder why the emphasis on one gender.  Aren’t most gendered deities only one gender?  Unless you have a hermaphrodite deity, or–with the Christian God–a genderless deity, it’s either a god or a goddess.  And, of course, there are many in the Christian faith who consider God to be male–isn’t that one gender?

The Deputy Pontiff’s announcement: Pontifex Maximus Peter the Second has just died suddenly.  She calls it a virus, but we know he’s been murdered by the ten sub-potentates.  And Carpathia has just hypnotized the crowd to see it as no big deal.

Our beloved Carpathia murders Eli and Moishe with his own Saber, and we are treated to various descriptions of their rotting corpses, kept exposed to the elements, birds, animals and bugs as the Gala carries on around them for the next few days, until they rise again.

Must we keep getting such gruesome descriptions?  In these books we get to read the details as people are killed and bodies rot, but we don’t get much of anything about the appearances of characters, courtships, or anything else that would be worth describing.  It’s almost like death porn.  😛

Carpathia is assassinated, but Rayford is so confused that he’s not sure if he pulled the trigger or if it was somebody else.  We won’t find out who did it until the next book.

Now on to the next book in the series.

[September 2010]

Left Behind: Assassins Review–Part 4

Previous parts

On page 276, we read that Trudy Tuttle (who is getting hotel rooms and taking care of luggage for her husband and Rayford at the moment)

saw this phone in the captain’s bag, and I’m sorry but I turned it on out of curiosity.  Well, just dozens and dozens of messages have been scrollin’ by, all with your number and this abort message, and I thought I ought to call.

Er, ever hear of invasion of privacy?

On page 287, Buck visits an underground church in Greece, “a vast group of believers led by a converted Jew whose main dilemma was how large the body had grown.”

I’m anxious to read how many of the Greek believers are Orthodox, and how people in an Orthodox country would recognize the Rapture, since the Rapture is not part of traditional Orthodox theology.

We also read that the Tribulation Force puts Leah in charge of centralized information, in between preparing meals.  I wonder why it took hours for Chloe to bring her “up to speed on the computer.”

Is she, like Chloe, unfamiliar with the computer despite being at the oldest a member of Generation X?  I also wonder what about this job is so awesome that Leah “never felt more fulfilled.”

On page 291, Dwayne makes me cringe as Dwayne flies Trudy and Rayford away in an airplane: “Dwayne whooped and hollered like a rodeo cowboy as the Super J shot into the sky.  ‘She’s somethin’, ain’t she?  Whoo boy!'”

Why do I have a sudden image of him riding a bomb all the way down to the earth, waving his cowboy hat and hooting and hollering?

Trudy has just done some heroics as they escaped from GC agents onto the plane; Dwayne goes on to say to Rayford, “I wudd’n talkin’ about the Super J, pardner.  I was talkin’ about the little woman.”

And to Trudy, who leans forward and wraps both arms around his neck, and wants him to stop calling her that, “Darlin’, I’ll call you anything your little ol’ heart desires.  Whoo boy!”

ARGH!  Kill me now!  Oh, and this saccharine lovey-dovey couple is driving me crazy.  😛  I never did like watching other people get that way in public.  Aw, mush!

On page 300 is one of my major pet peeves with amateur editing: “‘Is it true?’ Leon wanted to know.”  Of course Leon wanted to know, or he wouldn’t have asked it!  Just say that he said it.

On page 304, I can’t help laughing at Leon Fortunato’s description of Carpathia’s speech to the UN:

That speech alone, David, virtually sealed his appointment as secretary-general and eventual leader of the new world order….

Yet with brilliance, charm, wit, mastery of his subject, the use of every language of the U.N., and an astounding recitation of the history of that great institution, he had the entire world eating out of his hand.

Er….You mean his laundry list of boring details?  You need to listen to more and better speeches, Leon.  We read, “Fortunato’s eyes had glazed over.”  Funny, that’s what my eyes did while reading the speech….

Further on in the paragraph, Leon says, “Ah, it was magical.  I knew in my soul that if I ever had the privilege to contribute even in a minuscule way to the ideals and objectives of that man, I would pledge my life to him.”

Oh, Leon has a man-crash on Carpathia!  It’s a bromance!  The wedding invitations will be sent tomorrow….

On page 311, Rayford learns more about his new gun, that it is extremely lethal, so lethal that even if the target is missed, he will “suffer a deep laceration from the air displacement alone.”  For example,

The thin, jagged, spinning bullet bores through anything in its path, gathers the gore around it like grass in a power-mower blade, and turns itself into a larger object of destruction.

During the testing of this weapon a technician was accidentally shot just above the knee from approximately twenty feet away.  His leg was effectively amputated, the lower portion attached by a thin ribbon of skin on each side of the knee.

So basically, you don’t use this gun unless you have a serious grudge for your target.  When Rayford tries to hit a rock and misses, such a huge gash is taken out of the nearby tree that less than half the trunk is left, and the tree topples.  When he tries again and actually hits the rock, he blows the top off it.

Rayford shook his head and gazed at the ugliness in his hand.  What was he thinking?  That he would ever dare carry such a monstrosity, let alone use it?  He would be hard pressed to justify this as a defensive weapon.

I really hope he keeps following his doubts about this terrible gun.

On page 318, Rayford fires at the feet of a GC peacekeeper who’s chasing him.  The peacekeeper falls, and Rayford prays, “God, don’t let him die!  I don’t want to kill a man!”  Well, then, what the heck are you doing with this gun??!!

On page 323 we read about an ominous foreboding and short tempers in the August heat in the hideout house.  Kenny the baby is often cranky, and “even Tsion had been known to leave the room when he fussed and Chloe wasn’t quick enough to mollify him.”  Why Chloe?  Can’t anyone else do it?

On pages 325 and 327, Tsion writes in his latest blog that

I do not fear for my own well-being, as my future is secure–as is yours if you have trusted Christ for forgiveness and eternal life….

If you have already trusted Christ for your salvation, you have the mark of the seal of God on your forehead, visible only to other believers.

Fortunately, this decision, mark, and seal is also irrevocable, so you never need fear losing your standing with him.

This is a dangerous belief that can lead people into complacency.  Not only is it at odds with Christ telling us that some who say “Lord Lord” will end up in Hell, but it contradicts Left Behind itself: Several of our “Tribulation Saints” thought they already had that irrevocable salvation, but were left behind in the Rapture.

Salvation is not a legal transaction, but a lifelong journey toward becoming what God wants us to be.  And we don’t become that if we don’t struggle against the dangerous passions that lead to sin.

Do note that, according to page 327, not only is God’s mark irrevocable, but so is the Mark of the Beast.  If you take the Mark, you are DOOMED!  DOOMED!  DOOMED!

(This, however, may change in later books.  I heard a rumor to that effect….We shall see.)

On page 329 to 330 we read,

Rayford immersed himself in the prophetic passages about the death of Antichrist, never seeking Tsion’s counsel or interpretation.  In his feverish state he interpreted the Scripture the way he wanted to, shoehorning himself into the agent God would use to do the deed.

When he read that “He who kills with the sword must be killed with the sword,” and knew that even Tsion believed this was a reference to Antichrist, Rayford shuddered.  Was this a message just for him?

A later verse referred to “the beast who was wounded by the sword and lived.”  That had to be a reference to one of the heads of the beast “as if it had been mortally wounded, and his deadly wound was healed.”

He didn’t understand it all.  Who could?  But without Tsion’s analysis, Rayford believed he had figured out these verses.  Carpathia was to be mortally wounded in the head by a sword and then come back to life.

A sword?  What was it Albie called the superb killing machine [gun] Rayford had stashed behind loose bricks in the basement?  Saber.  Could he–would he do it?  Was it his duty?  He shook his head.  What was he thinking?

So–In contrast to what Tsion felt earlier in this book, are you saying that the Scriptures are not to be privately interpreted? that people can read all sorts of things into Scripture that are not there when they do it without the guidance of something else–like, say, Tradition?  The contradiction is very confusing!

To be continued.